December 6, 2011
The very nature of earth-based gravitational effects is, at-least a fallout of in the order of mm/s and application of Quantum Mechanics in case of OPERA apparatus brings out this inherent truth clearly. One would see at minimum a +/- mm/s order excess beyond speed of light no matter what. On the other hand flyby “anomaly” is consistent with basic Relativity without Quantum Mechanics. The OPERA “anomaly” is based on an observation or more correctly a “misinterpretation” of 7.5 km/s but using Quantum Mechanics one sees that one should only observe ~5 mm/s given we have a fixed uncertainty on time-measurement to 1 ns level. The mm/s is the order of anomaly observed in Flyby and even Pioneer satellites. With the correct interpretation one sees with or without application of Quantum Mechanics, such anomalies are consistent with theory of special and general Relativity. Relativity is a mm level accurate theory for objects of the size of earth, the range of gravity starts at mm level and goes to infinite separation. A fact often not told because it has perhaps never been brought forth to anyone’s notice. This we can mention as an issue in the unification of gravity with Quantum Mechanics, because the higher range of infinite separation is fine but the lower limit range makes anything below mm or mm/s a difficult paradigm to deal with when Quantum Mechanics deals with ranges that are far below mm. If this is only an observation/experimental issue one has to look beyond to great distances in cosmology. That has been very very difficult and you will find such mentions clearly, in the literature.